This article analyzes the approach and opportunities of retail entrepreneurs in Namibia to understand competitive strategies in the current market. Many entrepreneurs have habitual competition knowledge. Further studies should be conducted to apply results to the entire industry and compare and contrast other retailers’ findings.
In this paper, a Council decision and a Regulation – have changed the tasks of the Board of Directors and the Executive Director in line with the evolution of the political scenario: from intergovernmental cooperation to a policy assigned by the Lisbon Treaty to the European Union.
The paper aims to identify overall job satisfaction in the Czech Republic and explore its differences between the various economic sectors. It also provides a comprehensive view of potential influence factors on job satisfaction with the emphasis on sociodemographic variables and job characteristics.
This paper develops a core typology of arenas of public value creation, based on the locus of interaction and the public value purpose. Four arenas are described, illustrating that public sector managers in complex policy areas traverse all forms of institutional structure including market, hierarchy, and hybrid.