Cocoa Markets and Value Chains: Dynamics and Challenges For Sao Tome and Principe Organic Smallholders
Cocoa is one of the main goods in the world agricultural trade markets, occupying the third position in exports (Blare and Useche, 2013; Díaz-Montenegro, 2019; Galarza, 2012). It is mainly concentrated in the tropics, in Africa, which concentrates two thirds of world production and where Côte d’Ivoire is the main country with around 40% of the world production (Voora et al., 2019).
The Paradoxical Effects of Uncertainty: A perspective of South Africa’s Risk Adjusted Strategy on COVID-19
The paper provides theory development of a cross-disciplinary study drawing upon insights from literature on uncertainty and disaster risk management that is integrated with system theory, adaptive systems and practices as well as decision-making philosophy.
The capital market is a profoundly specific and coordinated financial market and indeed essential agent of economic growth and development (Odetayo and Sajuyigbe, 2012; Okoye and Nwisienyi, 2013) due to its capacity its ability to facilitate and mobilize saving and investment (Okodua and Ewetan, 2013)
Picking up upon the ideas of Henry Ford’s assembly line and early precedents of prefabrication in architecture, notions of architectural production through a kit of parts or building blocks is seemingly not a new idea.
Analysis on Trade Competitiveness and Trade Complementarity between Uzbekistan and the Member States of Eurasian Economic Union
The member states of the Eurasian Economic Union are important trading partners of Uzbekistan. Since the establishment of the Customs Union of Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan in 2010, the scale of trade between Uzbekistan and the member states of the Eurasian Economic Union has grown steadily.
Synthisophy – Integrating the Wisdoms of History into Present Culture (Part 2 – Summary of Chapter 16 through 30)
In 1995 an article published in SKOLE, the Journal of Alternative Education, the word synthisophy first appeared (Houle 1995). The word synthisophy then appeared in the Cyclopedic Education Dictionary (Spafford, Pesce and Grosser 1998).
The COVID-19 Crisis: Implications for the Development and Growth of Agricultural Sector in EU countries and Russia
In the year 2020, the outbreak of COVID-19 brought severe economic and societal consequences negatively impacting global flows. As well as imposing drastic stress on people, the COVID-19 crisis also disturbed the sustainable growth for the wellbeing of businesses and national economies.
One of the factors that determine the extent of positive impact of natural resource extraction is the level of local content (LC) in the industry. The World Trade Organization (WTO, 2011) defines local content requirements, synonymously referred to as domestic content requirements as a “requirement that the investor purchase a certain amount of local materials for incorporation in the investor’s product”.
Waste Management Firms as Catalysts for Developing SME’s Circular Business Models: the Possibilities of Industrial Symbiosis
The European Union (EU) and its member states are dedicated to developing a more sustainable future through promoting a circular economy (Commission, 2015).
The article examines whether and how China’s investment in Central Asian countries affects import and export trade. The analysis methods of this article include descriptive statistics and empirical analysis, which are used to describe the relationship and trend of China’s FDI to Central Asian countries and import and export trade.