This paper examines the efficient operation of the Romanian labour market, as measured by the relevant indicators of labour demand and supply from 2008Q2 to 2016Q3. The survey conducted for this purpose revealed fluctuations in the number and rate of job vacancies, respectively in the unemployment rate.
This study focusses on the efficiencies of subunits of South Africa’s Metrorail services. Over the period 2015/16 to 2018/19 Metrorail implemented its corporate plan to improve operations efficiency. This study applies the Malmquist Productivity Index (MPI)